CINA is the acronym for the Certification Institute of North America. This institute offers and innovative and helpful program that assists individuals and companies alike in ensuring that all their installed piping and components in any and all distribution systems complies with the nationally recognized standards. Cina offers an entirely voluntary program in with they test pipe lines and other components against ones meeting the applicable standards. Last year PHAMSA (Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration-more detail later in the article) reported that a large number of transmission operators had received piping that definitely did not meet the standard for which it was marked. This resulted in the owners of said pipeline having to make extremely costly replacements.
The manufacturers who use the service cover the cost of having their products certified, as well as being visited as many as four times unannounced by CINA every year. During these visits CINA will select random shelf samples for testing and evaluation. APGA members wishing to participate in the program don’t pay any additional fees, but agree to accept CINA certification as “technical acceptance” meaning the utility won’t need the manufacturers who maintain CINA certifications to do additional testing or submit to additional audits and facility inspections to verify that piping and components meet relevant national standards. Participating companies aren’t agreeing to buy only CINA certified products: commercial terms are negotiated on a supplier by supplier basis.
PHMSA, the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, who work in close co operation with CINA were created under the leadership of Norman Mineta’s Research and Special Programs Improvement Act in 2004. There have also been amazing develops in the industry in recent years. The purpose of this act was to provide the relevant departments with a far more focused research organization, as well as to establish an entirely separate body to govern the operating admin for pipeline safety and hazardous materials transportation. Additionally, this act presented the department with the opportunity to establish model practices in the area of government budget and in support of the President’s (President Bush) Management Agenda initiatives.
As well as the above, PHMSA is the federal agency whose job it is to make sure that the movement of almost a million shipments of hazardous materials daily is safe and secure, however it is being transported. This agency also oversees America’s pipeline infrastructure with totals more or less 64% of the energy commodities consumed in the United States ever year. The office of Pipeline Safety is the official authority for America’s 2.3 million miles of natural gas and hazardous liquid pipelines. It’s their mission to make sure that all those gasses and liquids are transported safely and in an environmentally sound manner.
Lately there has been a lot of controversy surrounding the body, as they have come under criticism for not releasing a Canadian company’s oil spill management plans and for estimating a worst case scenario should it’s pipeline burst within US borders. The New York times tells us that although there have been 25 percent fewer significant incidents reported by the pipeline industry between 2001 and 2010 than in the previous decade, the amount of hazardous liquids being spilled still remains rather substantial. US pipelines still sustain more than 100 large scale spills per year, and have been for more than 20 years. It is like they are seeing it as online gambling instead of an investment in a healthy future. Unfortunately the percentage of these liquids recovered after the spills has dropped considerably in recent years. With so much stress to worry about, it’s good that you can play at . It’ll help get some stress out while we deal with these pressing concerns.